PERMA Model

Modelo PermaDr. Martin Seligman, considered one of the founding fathers of Positive Psychology, proposed a structured framework model for research and practical applications of Positive Psychology that will help the field to keep advancing its knowledge and project it into the future. Therefore, as stated by Vázquez (2000) PERMA is not structured like a theory. Following Seligman, there are five components that are present in those who say they are happy:

•Positive Emotions : Achieved through a heightened experience of positive emotions with regards to the past, present and future.

•Engagement: Develop an increasing number of optimal experiences of moments of flow through the use of personal strengths.

•Relationships: Dedicate time to nourishing relationships increases the feeling of support and company which directly increases the perception of wellbeing.

•Meaning: Refers to the perception of meaning in life and working on goals that transcend the self. An important distinction is to be made between purpose and meaning in life, purpose referring to having and reaching objectives while meaning is related to the place and function we have on earth.

•Accomplishment: Establishing and reaching goals that motivate us. Of course, these five components are neither explosives nor exhaustive, which means that there can be many other goals on the path towards happiness or different starting points to reach the same goal

As Seligman states, strengths are an element that are present in all these components, therefore empowering our strengths is a good way to increase wellbeing overall. You can read more about the work of Martin Seligman visiting the most important website on Positive Psychology in the world here.